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Breathing & Choking
Color &
Diapers &
Cord Care
Car Seat &
Bottle Feeding
Soothing &


  • Your baby should void (wet) at least once by 17-36 hours after birth.
  • Urine should be pale yellow to colorless.  Urine crystals are normal the first 24 hrs and may occur afterward indicating dehydration. 
  • A rule of thumb for wet diapers is:  one wet diaper for every day old the baby is until your milk comes in. 
  • There after the baby should have 5-8 voids a day. 
  • Failure to wet by 36 hours requires immediate evaluation.


  • Your baby should pass a meconium stool within the first 24 hours.  If this does not occur contact your health care provider.
  • Initial stools are sticky black (meconium) changing to soft brown-green (transitional) by day 2 or 3 with establishment of feedings, thereafter stools differ depending on the type of feeding.
  • Breast-fed stools are generally more frequent and more liquid with very small yellow curds.  They may be passed as frequently as every feeding or every 48-72 hours.
  • Formula-fed stools have larger green-brown curds, which make them pastier in appearance. The average is one or two stools per day but may occur also more frequently.
  • It is not unusual for formula fed infants to skip a day or two having a bowel movement but check with your health care provider for their recommendations.


The umbilical cord will come off in approximately 5-10 days after delivery.  You can keep the diaper folded down below the cord to avoid irritation.  The umbilical cord turns a dark brown/purple color and has a hard texture. Evidence based practice has shown that it is not necessary to put anything on the cord and it will dry up on it's own. However, may health care providers still suggest putting alcohol on the cord with every diaper change and below is the method to do this.

  • Take an alcohol wipe and swab the base of the cord all the way around.  Then swab the cord in an upward motion.
  • Keep the cord dry during bath time.

Notify your provider if:

  • Yellow, green or blood is noted at the base of the cord
  • There is a foul odor coming from the cord
  • There is redness or warmth around the base of the umbilical cord