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Breathing & Choking
Color &
Diapers &
Cord Care
Car Seat &
Bottle Feeding
Soothing &

Car Seat

It is the law that any infant less than 20 pounds must ride in a car seat facing backwards for safety reasons. 

Ensure that your infant’s bottom is in the back of the car seat and that the shoulder straps are tight and flat against the newborns chest.

To ensure that your car seat is correctly in your car, stop by your state highway patrol and they will check it for free.

car seat

Safety & Environment

Your baby’s immune system is immature and makes it vulnerable to many infections.  It’s response to infection is sluggish and inadequate, leading to a predisposition to systemic rather than localized infections (Varney, 2004).
For this reason, it is best to screen those that hold, feed or want to play with your infant.  It is also best to avoid crowds. Protect your baby from infection by limiting exposure to crowds, sick people or toddlers in the first few months.  Anyone who touches your baby should wash their hands first (Thureen, et al. 2005).

Factors Requiring Immediate Evaluation

  • Regular projectile vomiting
  • Bile-stained vomit
  • No stools since birth
  • No urination
  • Poor muscle tone – “Spread Eagle Positioning”
  • Inability to rouse the infant
  • Missing more than one feeding
  • Inability to suck
  • Rapid respirations over a period of time (greater than 60 per min.)
  • Marked color change (dusky)
  • Taut, swollen abdomen
  • Bloody or excessively watery stools that are a change
  • Blood or rusty color in urine esp after the third day
  • Temperature greater than 100 degree F under the arm and not able to get the baby cooler even with undressing.